Sex in Nuremberg Bathhouse

Taking a bath is a sensuous pleasure, besides basic hygiene. The Roman Empire was famous for its baths and incredible plumbing and sewage engineering. The Japanese culture elevated the bath to an art.

Medieval Bathing.


For some strange reason the myth continues that people in the Renaissance were dirty, slovenly people killed off by plagues because they never bathed. Nothing could be further from the truth in the Germanic part of the Holy Roman Empire, especially in the Imperial City of Nuremberg, were personal cleanliness was highly prized.

The first published image of the City of Nuremberg, from the Nuremberg Chronicles, published in 1493 by Durer’s godfather, Anton Koberger.

What will probably come as a huge surprise to most was that in Nuremberg “bathing money” was a regular part of a person’s salary, paid weekly, usually on Saturday. Workers got to leave work early to go to the baths, where the prices were kept low by the government so everyone could attend and be clean.


Medieval Bathing

Professional bath attendants, whose apprenticeship was three years long, followed by seven years of journeymanship, were trained in the techniques of sanitary and medicinal bathing, as well as hair cutting, depilation (the fashion for men in Nuremberg was no beards), and simple blood letting. Health inspections were performed on a continual basis. The water was drawn from the local rivers running through the City (although most of that water was filthy!) through wooden pipes, then heated over wooden fires.

Nuremberg had 14 licensed baths. If one paid for the full treatment, it was an elaborate ritual. First a trumpet sounded or a bell was rung to signal the water was hot. Once inside and stripped of clothing, the feet were washed, then the body was scoured and slapped with a sheaf of twigs, next came steam bathing and rubbing to induce perspiration, swatting the skin with wet rags, scratching (for the pleasure of it; employees were required to provide this service), hair washing and cutting, combing, lavendering, blood letting, and finally a nap.


Durer produced two illustrations of the bathing ritual, one a woodcut for sale of a Men’s Bath at the beginning of his career, circa 1496, and a drawing of a Woman’s Bathhouse, which never got published as a print.

Durer’s drawing of the Women’s Bath

The Women’s Bathhouse drawing was the first work unconnected to a religious theme to show naked humans in various positions.


Please read the amazing story of the recovery of this extraordinary drawing that was stolen from the Bremen Kunstverein when the Red Army stormed a castle north of Berlin in 1945 and looted everything in their path.


Durer’s 1496 Men’s Bath woodcut print

The Men’s Bath is an unusual print for its time (See my article Who Would Buy This Picture?) since this is the only graphic image that was made for sale of naked men in such a scene. Even more odd is the fact that these men are depicted naked in PUBLIC, in a City that religiously regulated clothing down to the number of pearls allowed to be on any garment and where all the inhabitants needed to be fully covered (See my entry All Things Albrecht Durer: The Hidden Secrets in Albrecht Durer’s Art and Life).

We have to ask ourselves, why would anyone spend money to buy a print for display in their homes or for addition to their collector’s boxes (where people often stored their prints) of naked men cavorting at the bath?

Especially since the majority of the people in the scene were well known! Who wants a picture of Donald Trump naked?


It is believed that the figure in the center playing the flute is Durer himself because he is bearded, with only a risque codpiece covering his genitals. The two men in the foreground are believed to be the very sexually permissive Patrician (the ruling families of Nuremberg) Paumgartner brothers, Stephen and Lucas, who Durer depicted in the Paumgartner Altar

Durer’s Paumgartner Altar painting. Stephen and Lucas Paumgartner are depicted on the wings of the altar painting

Stephen Paumgartner was one of Durer’s homosexual lovers; Durer’s bisexuality, something not uncommon in the Renaissance, is rarely addressed by historians.

The man slugging from the beer stein is believed to be Willibald Pirkheimer, Durer’s friend who is credited with making Durer famous, a myth I will dispel. Pirkheimer was also extremely sexually active, probably with Durer also.

Durer’s engraving of Willibald Pirkheimer, late in life.

The man on the left leaning on the wooden post is believed to be Michael Wolgemut, Durer’s Master, with whom he apprenticed.

Durer’s portrait of his Master, Michael Wolgemut, late in life

Who would buy this print? We have to look at the clues Durer put in this print, which are mainly homosexual.


Dur 1496 Men’s Bath woodcut

Notice the not so subtle homosexual clues that Durer included. The first is the obvious “cock” spigot coming out of the wooden post on the left. Lucas Paumgartner, foreground right, is holding a flower. Wolgemut, leaning on the post is gazing longingly at Durer. Most of the poses of the figures are very sexually suggestive.

Perhaps Durer only printed this image for his friends? Perhaps he printed this to sell to the gay community as porn? Who WOULD buy this picture?

The inscrutable clues, though, are right in the center of the print on the Durer figure. It is the distinctive knot in the string of Durer’s codpiece. Durer uses this knot in other images also as clues.

And if you look close there is a bearded face embedded in Durer’s abdomen. Who could this face be?

See if you can decode the remaining mysteries in this print!

Make Your Own Portrait Image With Painters

Like other services, you have to be selective when selecting one at a list of portrait painters. Bear in mind your primary goal we have found for getting a superb portrait for use on your purposes. You should avail a form of artwork that is certainly best displayed in your own home and may even achieve wide range of appreciation through your friends, relatives as well as folks who would view your place. Experience your thoughts not all portrait painters could meet your expectation and standards for ones portrait. That’s why, you must be careful when selecting the best one who could surely supply you with the perfect product finally. There is plenty of consideration making a call in selecting your portrait painters/painter. You should determine their background, works, range of prices and reputation to your community specifically their best buyers. Particles seeking a suitable could take your time even so the a sense of assurance and confidence for getting a superb canvas you know.

Chances are you’ll declare that the tip product would depend on the style of an original picture and others portrait painters are simply just painting dependant on what they have to see from the original one. Well, that maybe true for everyone but there is however still a difference between the normal artist plus the excellent one. I mean, that in case a painter is very pre-loaded with expertise, knowledge, and skills, he could definitely supercharge the style of one more portrait to be a replica connected with an elegant photograph. You may determine it into their samples which can be offered to you. Portrait painters are really talented even so the one with passion within this profession can make an even better artwork. There are plenty of portrait painting firms that offer almost any painting. Each company is constructed from portrait painters that might do your very own artwork through hands. Here take a look at certain techniques to have a company that may assure you in their best services.

You may look for the referrals within your associates who had already availed his or her portrait. You can visit their destination for a see their purchased artwork that you may possibly appreciate. There after, do not hesitate to request for the data on the company to confirm further their packages regarding on your dreamed portrait. If there are numerous galleries and museums near in your area, do go to shop. Actually, you could potentially experience a wide range of paintings displayed expressed by their portrait painters. However, will not are satisfied with one shop merely to get some comparisons with regard to beauty and lastly to your choice of price. It is additionally a plus when you speak with their painter personally to recognize more details on their services. There’s an example which you don’t possess any idea enabling you to find a company that has a comparable service. Maybe, your home is quiet far and you could go on a considerable time to go to get those own portrait. it is time that you produce an buying online. Many businesses have their own website therefore you are free to look at it for background checking and pay attention to some of their samples.

Why a Video For Business Is In Demand

There is a logo, name, capital, infrastructure and several other things for a business. Just as these things are inherent to a business so is having a video to advertise a product these days. Having a video for business is today as essential as putting a label to your products. Business videos are a necessity these days.

Let’s see the advantages associated with a business video:

Traffic: First and foremost, a video for business increases the flow of traffic to a business website. A good traffic to a website means a good display of your products; where people might make a purchase because of them having an opportunity to see a product.

Image: Videos create an image of business into the minds of public. People tend to remember more what they see than they read. Animation videos are like movies where all the elements produce a wholesome effect on viewers who end up forming an image of business into their minds.

Simplicity: Simplicity is the touch stone for business videos. These videos are simple in their approach, that is, they are not something which requires too much exertion and straining from viewers to understand them.

Animation: Business videos today primarily revolve around character animation, where messages are conveyed through artificial characters. To create animation video these characters are given larger than life image to make them funny, enjoyable and interesting to everyone.

Popularity: Videos don’t take time to show off their effect. They popularize a product faster than any other medium. Businesses wanting to climb the ladder of popularity faster surely stand to benefit from a video.

Suitability: Businesses are of several types, some are traditional, and some are online while some are modern, every business can have a video suiting to their specific requirements. Videos could be explainer, kick off, promotional and demonstrational etc.

Effect: They leave movie like effect on viewers. This is helpful to businesses in more ways than one. Firstly, viewers find them thoroughly engaged to a video, that is, they end up watching the full video. Secondly, viewers get a feeling of closeness to the business after watching its video.

Audience: Business videos are best known to target the specific audience of a business. Every business has its own pre decided audience, but targeting them specifically is only possible through a business video. The characters in animated videos can be made to behave in way similar to the audience they are targeting.

Animal Wall Stickers For Your Kid's

What could make your child happy more than animals and birds wall stickers for kids for your little ones. Most children love animated figures and it really puts a smile on their face so using animal wall stickers for kids is a great way to get that cheeky little smile from them. This is one of the reasons why children usually spend more time with pets than we do. Childrens love for animals is huge, and could be made even bigger by providing your youngsters with these great childrens animal wall stickers.

Think of any animal. I guarantee you there will be a sticker for walls available for it. Graphic designers who design and make wall stickers have made decals of every possible animal thinkable from the a huge hungry crocodile to a cute and reluctant mouse. Children being children always want a animal that other haven’t got. This proves each child would love a unique animated animal from the zoo.

Boys usually prefer strong and sturdy animals like horses, lions and tigers. Animal wall stickers for kids are certainly a great way to seduce their love for strong animals. You can create a forest-like look and feel to your child’s bedrooms.

Sometimes though, it would be a good idea to have a central theme to your child’s room such as an animal that is near the top of the food chain throughout the wall stickers such as the lion. For example, if your child really loves dumbo, a huge powerful elephant could be a central theme in their bedroom.

Usually girls prefer more petite animals like cats or small canines so for them childrens animal wall stickers are a great present. Girls are usually a lot calmer and subtle than boys. Childrens animal wall stickers for their room must also be similar to them. You could show a cute cat and even her kittens sleeping with her .

However, it is much easier just to ask your daughter what she would actually prefer, if she would prefer cats and kittens. Rather than just guessing. It could be that she likes more strong animals, which means, the stereotype doesn’t apply to her.

Animals and birds have been explored in many ways and been portrayed in many different ways on animated shows and on childrens animal wall stickers. That means your animal wall stickers for kids don’t need to be limited to real life animals. They can also be animated too. For example Dumbo. What elephant flies?

The amazing thing about animated animal wall stickers for kids is that you can have animals in all kinds of positions and any facial expression. Childrens animal wall stickers can be made to look as funny as you want and it will keep your little ones laughing all day and night. It is a good idea, to change the wall stickers every 3 months.